St. Andrew’s Church
Located on Starokyivska Hill in the historic centre of Kyiv, St. Andrew’s Church was designed in the second half of the 18th century by the architect F.B. Rastrelli and constructed by leading European and local craftsmen. Built as a palace church for Kyiv’s residence of the Romanovs, it is an unsurpassed example of an Orthodox church interior in the Baroque style. After its thorough restoration by the state organisation the National Conservation Area ‘St. Sophia of Kyiv’, St. Andrew’s Church now functions as a museum and hosts church services, scientific and educational events and chamber music concerts. The project, which was based on the results of ten years of scientific and technical monitoring undertaken by the National Conservation Area together with the leading research institutes of Ukraine, was entirely funded by the Ministry of Culture and Information Policy of Ukraine.
Before its restoration, the ground that St. Andrew’s Church is built on was suffering advanced soil erosion. In 2007, the increasing risk of landslides threatened the stability of the church’s foundation and called for urgent measures to strengthen the hill and restore the church building. The restoration that took place from 2008 to 2020 began with the thorough consolidation of the soil base of the hill and the strengthening of the church foundations and stylobate, and the implementation of a new drainage system. Overgrowth on the slope was cleared away, opening up a panoramic view of the Dnieper River Valley and the left bank of Kyiv.
Throughout the restoration of the church’s exterior, traditional building materials and techniques were used. Yellow bricks from dismantled old buildings were reused for the restoration of the masonry. To complete the restoration of the cast iron stairs leading up to the porch, a time-tested method was used, coating the iron with a traditional mastic based on beeswax. Inside the church, the original 18th-century wall colours were recovered and paintings were restored. Archival and iconographic research led to the determination of the correct placement of the icons in the iconostasis, offering visitors the possibility to experience the 18th-century Baroque interior as it was envisioned by architect Rastrelli.
“This highly symbolic project marks the restoration of a monument with significant value for Ukraine and its people. The stabilisation of the hill has successfully eliminated the causes of the threats, rather than battling their consequences and as such is a good example of preventive conservation. The entire restoration project was meticulously documented, while the restoration of the building’s characteristic gilding was very well done,” highlighted the Awards’ Jury.